Aristobulus I, called Judah, b. 140 BCE, eldest of the five sons of John Hyrcanus of the Hasmonean dynasty. Aristobulus seized the throne from his widowed mother in 104 BCE and starved her to death in prison. Under influence of his wife, Salome Alexandra, Aristobulus imprisoned his brothers to secure his succession. He died only a year later, perhaps by treachery, during the campaign to conquer Galilee; his youngest brother Alexander Jannaeus, who then married the widow Salome, ascended the Hasmonean throne.

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