The Arukh, written by Rabbi Nathan ben Jeḥiel, born to a line of renowned Roman Jewish scholars in the 11th century CE. Completed in 1102, the Arukh marked the completion of a synagogue in Rome, a few short years before his death in 1106. The Arukh is widely considered a masterwork of medieval scholarship as well as a priceless archive of Jewish thought.

See a digitized manuscript of the Arukh from the British Library’s Hebrew collection.

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