עזרא הסופר, Ezra The Scribe. His life is chronicled in the eponymous Bible scroll. Leader of the second wave of the return of the Jews from Persia at the beginning of the Second Temple era (4th and 5th centuries BCE), Ezra laid the foundations of Judaism for all coming generations. Among other rulings, he instituted public Torah reading on Monday and Thursday mornings and as part of the Shabbat Minḥah prayer.

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