Also known as the Talmud (adj. talmudic). The basic compendium of Jewish law and thought; its tractates (sections) mainly comprise the discussions collectively known as the Gemara, which elucidate the statements of law collectively known as the Mishna. When unspecified, “Talmud” refers to the Talmud Bavli, the edition developed in Babylonia and edited at the fifth century CE; Talmud Yerushalmi refers to the edition complied in the Land of Israel at the end of the fourth century CE.

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