מכילתא – Aramaic, meaning “measure”, cognate of the Hebrew “midda“. A series of halakhot of uncertain origin, not mentioned directly in any version Talmud, though referred to by other sources quoted in the Gemara. References to Mekilata are usually prefaced with, “It is taught by Rabbi Ishmael,” though this attribution is unclear – references to the Mekilta Aḥeret are credited to Rabbi Shimon ben Yohai – and are also not easily distinguished from the Mekilta le-Sefer , which are specific to the Book of Deuteronomy.

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