Parthian Empire


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Short-lived dynasty of Persian rulers who opposed Rome and established trade with China in the 3rd century CE. The Parthians, named for Arsaces I of Parthia, were part of the transition from a Hellenistic dominance to a more Zoroastrian sentiment, paving the way for the eventual rise of Islam. The Parthian Empire declined quickly due to infighting and Roman hostility. The Sasanian Dynasty was able to seize power during the Parthian disarray.

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