A town on the Euphrates River, northwest of Neharde’a. Pumbedita was an important center of the Babylonian Jewish community for many generations. As early as the Second Temple period, Pumbedita was referred to as the Diaspora and it was considered the center of Babylonian Jewry. After the destruction of Neharde’a, its moved to Pumbedita, and from then on Torah study continued there uninterrupted until the end of the geonic period. of Pumbedita were particularly famous for their acumen, and the town’s name became synonymous with learning and and intellectual life.

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