פּוּרִים – “drawn lots”. The feast and celebration commemorating the Jews being spared death by Haman. The holiday is marked by feasting, giving to charity and the reading of the Five Megillot.

The tale of the Jews’ oppression in the Persian Empire is told in Sefer Ester. Haman “The Evil” – המן הרשע – was an adviser to Xerxes I of Persia in the 5th century BCE, and whose plot was undone through the heroics of Queen Esther.

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