Sasanian Empire

The House of Sasan, the last dynasty of Persian shahs who ruled over what is now modern Iran before the rise of Islam, and stood in opposition to the Roman Empire’s encroach on the region. The Sasanians ascended to power in the weakening of the Parthian Empire. The dynastic line was established by Ardashir I The Unifier (180-242 CE) and followed by his son Shaphur I, and lasted into the late 7th century CE until the Muslim conquest of the Persian territories.

Read more about the Sasanian Empire or the dynastic line of the House of Sasan at Wikipedia.

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