After leaving Jerusalem and Yavne, the Sanhedrin was moved to Usha in the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt, where a series of Rabbinic enactments – called Takkanot Usha – were established. Under the leadership of Rabbi Shimon ben Gamliel there was an unsuccessful attempt to return the Sanhedrin to Yavneh, but due to the overwhelming devastation in the southern part of the country, they returned to the Galilee, first to Usha and then to Shefar’am.
The Takkanot Usha deal mainly with establishing the norms of monetary relationships within families. While these enactments were not included in the Mishna, they were known to the amoraim based on oral traditions.
Read more in the Jewish Encyclopedia.« Back to Glossary Index