תנא, “repeater” – pl. תנאים, tanna’im. Term used for a sage or sages active in the first two hundred years or so of the Common Era. The tanna’im codified Mishna, the Hebrew root of which – שנה, shanna – is a cognate with the Aramaic word, tanna. The Tannaic Period begins with the marked divergence between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai. The tanna’im were succeeded by the amora’im.

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