תרגום – commentaries of the Scriptures into Aramaic, as spoken aloud by a rabbi. The Targumim exist in a number of named “translations”, most generally referring to the Targum Yonatan, named for Yonatan ben Uzziel the student of Hillel the Elder, and focusing on the Nevi’im; and Targum Onkelos, named for the 1st century CE Roman convert to Judaism, and which focuses on Written Torah.

For more information, see Wilhelm Bacher’s extensive entry in the Jewish Encyclopedia.

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