Vespasian, b. 09 CE, d. 79 CE, renowned general who was appointed Emperor of the Roman Empire by the Roman Senate in 69 CE; he ruled until his ignoble death in 79 CE. A fierce politician and ruthless commander of the Roman armies in Britannia, he later led the conquest of Galilee. As emperor, he was responsible for the Siege of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Second Temple.

Read more in the Jewish Encyclopedia.

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