ל׳ בתשרי ה׳תשע״ט (October 9, 2018)

Menahot 60a-b: Bring Near and Wave

Aside from the different ingredients that may have been included in meal offerings, as described in the Mishna on yesterday’s daf, there also were different activities that were done to the menaḥot as part of the ceremonial Temple service, not all of which applied to each meal offering. Specifically, the two activities were hagasha – bringing the offering to the altar – and tenufa – lifting or “waving” the offering.

The Mishna on today’s daf teaches –

Some meal offerings require hagasha – bringing near to the altar -but not tenufa – waving – some require bringing near to the altar and also waving, some require waving but not bringing near to the altar, and some require neither bringing near to the altar nor waving.

These require bringing near to the altar but not waving:

the meal offering of fine flour,

that prepared in a pan,

that prepared in a deep pan,

the loaves and the wafers,

the meal offering of the priests,

the meal offering of the anointed ,

the meal offering of a non-Jew,

the meal offering of women, and

the sinner’s meal offering.

Rabbi Shimon says, the meal offering of the priests and the meal-offering of the anointed high priest do not require bringing near to the altar, since no handful is taken out of them, and where no handful is taken out bringing near to the altar is not necessary.

The Gemara explains that hagasha – bringing the offering to the altar – which is written specifically regarding the minḥat marḥeshet – the meal offering prepared in a deep pan (see 2:8), applies to others, as well, based on the passage in 6:7.

It required the kohen to bring the meal offering to the southwest corner of the altar prior to performing kemitza on the flour.

The requirements of tenufa, or “waving” the offering, appear in the next Mishna and are discussed in detail on daf 62 .